Friday, 8 March 2013

Importance of Vaccination for Babies

Parenthood brings incomparable joy to you and your better half but comes with its own share of responsibilities as well. Your newborn becomes the eye candy for everyone since her birth, and requires ample care for appropriate mental, physical and social development. A crucial aspect of normal development is to get the baby the scheduled vaccines on time. Vaccines protect the baby against deadly diseases by fortifying the immunity system of the body.

A vaccination chart is specially developed for all babies of India keeping their structure and demography of the country in mind. The baby vaccination chart lists out the important vaccines along with the scheduled time. Some of these vaccines may be oral in form as well. The child vaccination chart in India is discussed here.

1.) Vaccine given at the time of birth:
the Hepatitis B vaccine protects the newborn against the Hepatitis B virus which is detrimental to the liver and may even prove fatal. To protect the child from infection of this virus, the fist vaccine is given within 12 hours of birth as per infant vaccination schedule India. Two other doses are scheduled between 1 to 2 months and 6 to 18 months according to the vaccination chart for children in India.

2.) Pneumococcal vaccine:
Pneumococcal infections are a leading cause of serious throat and ear infections in children below 5 years of age. This bacterium is spread by coming in contact with infected person during coughing or sneezing and your baby can be protected against such infections by the pneumococcal vaccine which will be administered at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and between a year and 15 months of age according to child vaccination chart India.

3.) Hepatitis A vaccine:
another crucial vaccine listed in the baby vaccination schedule India is the Hepatitis A vaccine which protects the child against Hepatitis A virus that causes serious liver problems. This virus is carried in faeces and contaminated water and food and spreads easily through contact. Some symptoms of Hepatitis A virus infection include abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and dark urine. To protect your child against this virus, be sure to get the first dose of vaccine between the recommended ages of 12 to 23 months. The second shot can be administered at an interval of 6 to 18 months.

4.) The Polio Vaccine:
the Polio Drive has been hugely successful in India although each child needs to be immunized for several years to come to completely wipe out this crippling disease. The polio vaccination schedule India protects the baby against poliomyelitis that destroys the nervous system. This is a highly infectious disease that needs to be eliminated from the World on priority. The polio vaccines are scheduled at 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months of age and lastly when the child is between 4 to 6 years old.

5.) The MMR vaccine:
MMR stands for Measles, Mumps and Rubella which are three viruses that could prove detrimental to your child’s development and health. Measles is a highly infectious disease that is caused at least once in everyone’s life span. The symptoms include rashes, fever and a cold which could complicate to seizures, pneumonia and serious brain damage. Mumps is a virus that causes inflammation of glands below the jaws and may lead to swelling of ovaries and testicles, encephalitis or meningitis. Rubella is another infection characterised by pinkish rash. The MMR vaccine from the vaccination chart for babies is administered between 12 to 15 months and again between 4 to 6 years to provide complete immunity.

6.) DTP Vaccine:
The vaccination schedule for babies in India also lists the DTP vaccine as an important immunization to protect all babies from Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis.

7.) HiB vaccine:
this is another important vaccine of from Infant vaccination schedule India which protects the child against bacterial infection causing pneumonia and bacterial meningitis.

For More information : Vaccination for Babies

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